Download Cowboys and Indies: The Epic History of the Record Industry by Gareth Murphy PDF

By Gareth Murphy

Cowboys and Indies is not anything under the 1st definitive heritage of the recording on either side of the Atlantic.

From the discovery of the earliest recognized sound-recording gadget in 1850s Paris to the CD crash and electronic increase at the present time, writer and insider Gareth Murphy takes readers on an immensely unique and encyclopedic journey in the course of the many cataclysmic musical, cultural, and technological alterations that formed a century and a 1/2 the industry.

This worthy narrative focuses in particular at the video game changers---the label founders, expertise scouts, and mythical A&R males. Murphy highlights:


·         Otto Heinemann’s pioneer label Okeh, which unfold blues and jazz “race” documents throughout America

·         how one guy, Henry Speir, stumbled on approximately the entire Delta blues legends (Robert Johnson, Charlie Patton, Son residence, Tommy Johnson)

·         Sam Phillips’s seminal paintings with Chess and sunlight Records

·         John Hammond’s discoveries (Billie vacation, Aretha Franklin, Bob Dylan, Leonard Cohen, Bruce Springsteen)

·         the behind-the-scenes gamers of the British Invasion

·         Clive Davis, Ahmet Ertegun, David Geffen, and the company song machine

·         the Machiavellian strikes of punk impresario Malcolm McLaren (Sex Pistols)

·         Chris Blackwell’s triumphs for Island files (Bob Marley, U2)

·         Sylvia Robinson and Tom Silverman, the hip-hop explorers at the back of the Sugarhill Gang, Grandmaster Flash, and Afrika Bambaataa


…and a lot, even more. Murphy additionally bargains a provocative examine the long run in the course of the ruminations of such forefront figures as Martin turbines (4AD, XL Recordings, Matador, tough alternate) and genre-busting manufacturer Rick Rubin (Run-D.M.C., pink sizzling Chili Peppers, Metallica, Johnny Cash).

Drawing from memoirs, records, and multiple hundred particular interviews with the legends of the list undefined, together with the founders and CEOs of Atlantic, Chrysalis, Virgin, A&M, Sub Pop, and Sire, this e-book finds the key heritage in the back of the hit-making craft. awesome in scope and bold intensive, Cowboys and Indies chronicles the pioneers who set the stylus at the most crucial labels and musical discoveries in history.



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The aftershocks of a huge economic crash, the Panic of 1893, were reverberating through the business world. An oversupply of silver had led to huge public demand to exchange silver money for gold. When America’s gold reserves reached their legal minimum and banks were forced to issue high-interest bonds, the markets eventually collapsed. In total over 15,000 companies and 500 banks went bust. The depression provoked a spate of anti-Semitism; in populist cartoons the Rothschilds were blamed for the crash.

Louis, Baltimore, and Buffalo. Then Edison, having succeeded in clawing back his patents, reentered the market in 1896. Competing with Columbia on every front, Edison began his own music catalog, slashing prices further with his own clockwork phonograph, retailing at just $40; within a year, he was offering a $20 instrument. By Christmas 1897, Columbia hit back with a $10 clockwork Graphophone. 50. In the space of five years, the talking-machine market had undergone a revolution in accessibility.

50. In the space of five years, the talking-machine market had undergone a revolution in accessibility. Realizing they needed a spring-driven motor of their own, in February 1896, Berliner’s technicians called in a handyman by the name of Eldridge Reeves Johnson, a lanky machine artisan from Delaware who owned a small sewing-machine repair store in Camden, New Jersey. It was to be a lucky encounter that would change Johnson’s destiny and, in time, make him one of the richest men in America. Although Johnson would later joke that Berliner’s prototype sounded like “a partially educated parrot with a sore throat and a cold in the head,” he was fascinated.

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