Childrens Studies

Download Comparative Youth Justice by John Muncie, Barry Goldson PDF

By John Muncie, Barry Goldson

Comparative formative years Justice is the 1st ebook to severely ponder modern juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and throughout numerous different western jurisdictions together with the U.S., Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies significant foreign alterations in juvenile coverage and perform. even if, modern adolescence Justice isn't really easily an try to rfile nationwide similarities and modifications, yet seems severely at how worldwide developments are translated on the neighborhood point. This publication additionally examines how formative years justice is applied in perform so that it will selling swap in addition to mirrored image.

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Extra resources for Comparative Youth Justice

Sample text

And Paetsch, J. (eds) (2002) Juvenile Justice Systems: An International Comparison of Problems and Solutions. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing. Barnhorst, R. (2004) ‘The Youth Criminal Justice Act: New directions and implementation issues’, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 46(3): 231–50. Benzie, R. (2003) ‘Youths will get away with murder: Ottawa’s failure to appeal court ruling endangering lives, Cauchon warned’, National Post, 9 May. , Paetsch, J. and Bala, N. (2002) ‘Juvenile crime and justice in Canada’, in N.

The YCJA provides for the creation of a new court called the youth justice court. Although many of the functions to be performed by this new court are the same as those carried out in youth courts under the YOA, the new youth justice court has also added newly defined responsibilities. In addition to allowing for the continuation of specialized courts to hear criminal cases involving youth, the YCJA stipulates that any superior court of criminal jurisdiction can be deemed a youth justice court for the purpose of the operation of the Act.

In December 2004 fixed penalty fines were extended from 16 year olds to 10 year olds, with powers to imprison parents if the fine is not met. In such ways the targets of early intervention are invariably the symptoms, rather than the causes of young people’s disaffection and dislocation. The social contexts of offending are bypassed. The disadvantages faced by young people are obscured by a narrow focus on ‘risk’ and troublesome behaviour (Muncie: 2004a). Throughout this remoralisation strategy lies the objective of compelling parents to take ‘proper’ care and control of their children, while by the age of 10 children will be held fully responsible themselves (Goldson, 1999).

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