By Katrina Honeyman
Using baby staff used to be common in fabric production by way of the overdue eighteenth century. a very important provide of kid staff was once through the parish apprenticeship exchange, wherein pauper youngsters may possibly circulate from the 'care' of negative legislation officialdom to the 'care' of early commercial cloth marketers. This examine is the 1st to envision intimately either the method and adventure of parish manufacturing facility apprenticeship, and to light up the position performed by way of little ones in early business enlargement. It demanding situations winning notions of exploitation which permeate ancient dialogue of the early labour strength and questions either the readiness with which parishes 'offloaded' huge numbers in their bad young children to far away factories, and the tough self-discipline assumed to were common between early manufacturing facility masters. eventually the writer explores the best way parish apprentices have been used to build a gendered labour strength. Dr Honeyman's publication is an enormous contribution to experiences in baby labour and to the wider social, financial, and enterprise background of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries.
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Extra resources for Child Workers in England, 1780-1820
This is somewhat of an understatement: in fact employers were in need of such child labour. Nevertheless their willingness distinguished them from many other masters. The Poor Law and the Parish Apprentice 31 of Poor Law administration, because it resolved, at least temporarily, a crisis of poor relief in many parishes. 100 The element of compulsion on which the parish apprenticeship system depended, hardly served the interest of the child, and although the practice of factory apprenticeship has been rightly attacked for its openness to abuse, it was not unique in this respect.
198. 68 Cited in Hollen Lees, Solidarities, p. 55. The situation had altered little by the 1830s. When the Poor Law enquiry asked how apprentices had turned out, a parish ofﬁcer replied that ‘we have nothing to do with them afterwards’. Quoted in Webb and Webb, Old Poor Law, p. 199. 69 Enquiry into the causes of the increase of the poor, 1738, cited in George, London Life, p. 227. 70 That this continued to be the case within the context of factory apprenticeship will be demonstrated in later chapters.
57 Tate, Parish Chest, p. 225. The 40-day rule is conﬁrmed in Kathryn M. ), Apprenticeship and Bastardy Records, Short Guides to Records, no. 29 (London: Historical Association, 1997), p. 29. In September 1808, for example, St Pancras Parish ofﬁcials resisted an appeal against the removal of a former parishioner who had gained settlement in St Marylebone on the grounds of a partially served, but not cancelled, apprenticeship. 13 September 1808, Meeting of Directors of the Poor, Parish of St Pancras, P/PN/PO/1/4 (microﬁlm reference UTAH 650), CLSAC.