By R. Blümel, W. P. Reinhardt
The research of chaos is this day essentially the most lively and prolific parts in atomic physics. This ebook describes the manifestations of chaos in atoms and molecules, and is an creation to this attention-grabbing zone. the 1st a part of the publication offers with the idea and rules of classical chaos, that are then utilized to real atomic and molecular physics structures within the moment a part of the e-book. The publication covers microwave-driven floor kingdom electrons, the hydrogen atom in a robust microwave box, the kicked hydrogen atom, chaotic scattering with CsI molecules and the helium atom. The publication comprises many diagrams and an in depth reference record.
Read Online or Download Chaos in Atomic Physics PDF
Similar physics books
In recent times, growth within the new release of squeezed states of sunshine, more often than not characterised via a discounted noise estate, has prompted very important paintings with regards to their power use to enhance the sensitivity of optical verbal exchange structures. those notes are dedicated to the detection and knowledge processing of optical signs at very low degrees of strength.
"Nu ma asteptam ca Scurta istorie a timpului sa aiba atata succes -- avea sa marturiseasca Hawking. Ea a ramas timp de peste patru ani pe lista celor mai bine vandute carti din Sunday occasions, adica mai mult decat a rezistat acolo orice alta carte, fapt remarcabil pentru o lucrare stiintifica destul de dificila.
- Optical Physics, 4th Edition
- Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop Athens, GA, USA, February 24–28, 1997
- Theoretical astrophysics vol.1: astrophysical processes
- Nonlinear dissipative eigenvalue problems with large initial conditions
- Nonlinear Physics of Complex Systems
Extra resources for Chaos in Atomic Physics
For simplicity the gradient entropy coeﬃcient ξS is assumed to be a constant. Γ is a homogeneous function of degree unity. As introduced in Sect. 1, this function allows for a general anisotropic surface energy of the solid–liquid interface. 74) 1 1 2 2 ρe + ρ|u|2 + ξE Γ (∇Φ) dV. 75) Here u is the velocity, e the internal energy density per unit mass and ξE the gradient energy coeﬃcient, which is assumed to be constant. 77) 50 4. Thermodynamic Concepts of Phase-Field Modeling are assumed to apply locally, where p is the thermodynamic pressure and µ the chemical potential per unit mass.
In that sense this approach is not suitable to model general interfacial growth problems. However, it reveals two important aspects: 1. How kinetics can be integrated into a variational approach, and 2. how thermodynamic consistency can be guaranteed by a variational method. The approach ensuring the above is called gradient ﬂow method. It was developed intensively in the mathematical “moving interface” community in the nineties [8, 63, 265, 268, 269]. An important concept, which arose along with that development is the Cahn–Hoﬀmann capillary vector to model anisotropic surface properties in the context of curvature driven interfacial motion [58, 59, 145, 267].
The approach ensuring the above is called gradient ﬂow method. It was developed intensively in the mathematical “moving interface” community in the nineties [8, 63, 265, 268, 269]. An important concept, which arose along with that development is the Cahn–Hoﬀmann capillary vector to model anisotropic surface properties in the context of curvature driven interfacial motion [58, 59, 145, 267]. It is an essential ingredient of any diﬀuse interface model for interfacial growth phenomena, which is meant to recover the anisotropy of surface energetics.