By Franco F. Orsucci, Nicoletta Sala (editors)
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Extra info for Chaos and Complexity Research Compendium, Volume 1
Again by inference, it is the neurodynamics of the limbic system, with contributions from other parts of the forebrain such as the frontal lobes and basal ganglia, that initiates the novel and creative behaviors seen in search by trial and error. Figure 2. The limbic architecture is formed by multiple loops. The mammalian entorhinal cortex receives from and transmits to all sensory areas. It provides the main input for the hippocampus and is the main target for hippocampal output. The hypothesis is proposed that intentional action is by flow of activity around the loops that extend into the body and the world, and that awareness and consciousness are engendered by the flows within brains that, are described by circular causality.
Hughlings Jackson (1931) repeated the observation but postulated alternatively that the phenomenon was caused by "an in-going current", which was a signal from the non-paralyzed eye that moved too far in the attempt to fixate an object, and which was not a recursive signal from a "motor centre". Edward Titchener (1907) and, unfortunately, William James (1893) joined in this interpretation, thus delaying deployment of the concepts of neural feedback and re-entrant cognitive processes until late in the 20th century.
Stability is always relative to the time duration of observation and the criteria for what the experimentalist chooses to observe. In the perspective of a lifetime, brains appear to be highly stable, in their numbers of neurons, their architectures and major patterns of connection, and in the patterns of behavior they produce, including the character and identity of the individual that can be recognized and followed for many years. A brain undergoes repeated state transitions from waking to sleeping and back again coming up refreshed with a good night or irritable with insomnia, but still, giving arguably the same person as the night before.