Comparative

Download Evaluating Social Funds: A Cross-Country Analysis of by Lynne Sherburne-Benz, Laura B. Rawlings, Julie Van Domelen PDF

By Lynne Sherburne-Benz, Laura B. Rawlings, Julie Van Domelen

Brought in Bolivia a bit over a decade in the past, social cash became a key community-led poverty relief instrument. A departure from conventional government-sponsored methods, social money motivate groups and native associations to take the lead in determining and engaging in small-scale investments, more often than not in social infrastructure equivalent to faculties, health and wellbeing clinics, and small-scale water offer and sanitation.

The social fund version has proved to be a dynamic, replicable process, simply tailored and scaled up in diversified international locations worldwide. In Latin the US, Africa, the center East, jap Europe, and Asia, social money have now absorbed just about $10 billion in overseas and household financing. regardless of their acceptance, the effectiveness of social cash as a mechanism for bettering welfare has remained mostly unmeasured. This learn is the 1st systematic cross-country effect review of social money utilizing survey information and permitted assessment methodologies. The learn, conducted in Armenia, Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru, and Zambia, addresses 4 primary questions:
--Do social cash succeed in negative parts and bad households?
--Do social money convey top quality, sustainable investments?
--Do social money impact residing standards?
--How inexpensive are social cash and the investments they finance, in comparison with different supply mechanisms?

The results of very important new international financial institution examine, this ebook might be of curiosity to social coverage practitioners and analysts, to lecturers and scholars of improvement, and to someone drawn to present pondering on poverty aid thoughts.

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Comparative

Download Two Colonial Empires: Comparative Essays on the History of by C. A. Bayly, D. H. A. Kolff (auth.), C. A. Bayly, D. H. A. PDF

By C. A. Bayly, D. H. A. Kolff (auth.), C. A. Bayly, D. H. A. Kolff (eds.)

by C. A. Bayly and D. H. A. Kolff The papers released during this quantity have been initially offered at conferences of the Cambridg~-Leiden staff for the comparative research of colonial India and Indonesia he1d in June 1979 and September 1982. those conferences have been together backed through the Centre for the background of ecu enlargement at Leiden and the Centre for South Asian reports at Cambridge. The Cambridge Centre have been limited to the research of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma and Nepal yet had lately integrated Southeast Asia into its niche; the Leiden Centre, which had inspired comparative learn from the start, unavoidably came upon itself concentrating consciousness on Indonesias because the most crucial area of the previous Dutch colonial empire. The conferences have been meant to be exploratory, as a lot to alert the contributors to paintings being performed within the respective international locations and to their varieties of educational discourse as to check 'India' and 'Indonesia'. Nor have been the conferences meant to be specific. students from numerous British and Netherlands Universities have been concerned from the start. extra lately a much wider sequence of meetings has been inaugurated. This brings students in India and Indonesia right into a venture wich seeks to increase the comparisons among the * colonial societies on a extra systematic basis.

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Comparative

Download Poverty Targeting in Asia by John Weiss PDF

By John Weiss

`This e-book is a "must learn" for researchers and scholars attracted to poverty, poverty aid, social welfare and improvement. It presents systematic and comparative experiences at the layout good points, achievements and difficulties of focusing on, set opposed to particular nationwide contexts. the industrial concentration of the research is balanced with sections on the political economic climate of concentrating on and administration points (administrative structures and incentives). whereas the enormous diversifications among concentrating on mechanisms, schemes and contexts show the problems of blanket coverage prescriptions, the ebook offers a desirable end. instead of carrying on with the controversy approximately common as opposed to designated techniques, it proposes combined strategy can be most sensible: the "broad" concentrating on of simple providers equivalent to fundamental schooling and wellbeing and fitness care mixed with the "narrow" focusing on of social defense schemes for the very poor.' - David Hulme, collage of Manchester, united kingdom so much governments try to goal assets without delay on the negative via numerous measures together with foodstuff and credits subsidies, activity construction schemes and uncomplicated overall healthiness and schooling initiatives. those measures tend to be categorised as being both promotional (to support increase welfare within the lengthy term), or protectional (to help the terrible in occasions of inauspicious shocks). even though, for plenty of Asian nations the truth of those poverty focusing on measures has proved disappointing. Following a accomplished evaluation through the editor, this booklet deals a specified evaluation of the result of without delay channelling assets to the terrible and commonly discusses the adventure of 5 Asian nations - India, Indonesia, the People's Republic of China, the Philippines and Thailand. The authors exhibit how in lots of instances those focusing on measures have failed as a result of their excessive expense and blunders of either undercoverage (where some of the terrible are excluded) and leakage (when many of the better-off additionally take advantage of those schemes). The authors finish that while poverty focusing on continues to be a severely vital goal, previous concentrating on mistakes mustn't ever be forgotten and more suitable tools of either settling on and attaining the negative needs to be applied. Written through prime specialists within the box and together with research of unique kingdom surveys, this seminal textual content files basically the operation and luck of reduction schemes in Asia. This booklet will make a valuable addition to the literature on improvement, poverty aid, social welfare and Asian reviews. it is going to even be an incredible resource of reference for lecturers and scholars of financial improvement, reduction practitioners, executive officers and improvement NGOs.

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Comparative

Download The Economic Implications of Aging Societies: The Costs of by Steven A. Nyce PDF

By Steven A. Nyce

The area is aging and not anyone understands precisely what existence might be like in tomorrow's older societies. yet we do comprehend that age dependency ratios--the ratio of retirees to workers--will be a lot better than we see this present day. The mixed results of fewer employees, extra retirees and longer retirement sessions threaten not just the sustainability of pension platforms but additionally the wider financial clients of many constructed nations. This research describes present developments in start premiums, toughness and hard work strength participation and productiveness, the cross-border circulate of capital, the globalization of work markets, the monetary viability of social coverage courses, and the methods financial output is shared among working-age and retiree populations.

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Comparative

Download The Law of Primitive Man: A Study in Comparative Legal by E. Adamson Hoebel PDF

By E. Adamson Hoebel

A vintage paintings within the anthropology of legislations, this ebook provided one of many first ambitiously conceived analyses of the elemental rights and tasks which are handled as legislations between nonliterate peoples (labeled "primitive" on the time of the unique publication). the center of the e-book is an outline and research of the legislation of 5 societies: the Eskimo; the Ifugao of northern Luzon within the Philippines; the Comanche, Kiowa, and Cheyenne tribes of the western plains of the U.S.; the Trobriand Islanders of the southwest Pacific; and the Ashanti of western Africa. Hoebel's lucid research unearths the range and complexity of those societies' political and criminal associations. It emphasizes their use of due approach in adjudication and enforcement and highlights the significance of basic particular criteria of behavior in those societies. In providing those designated case stories of societies studied by way of different anthropologists, and in outlining an influential method of the topic, it continues to be an illuminating e-book for either students and scholars.

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Comparative

Download Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or by Sujit Choudhry PDF

By Sujit Choudhry

How should still constitutional layout reply to the possibilities and demanding situations raised by means of ethnic, linguistic, spiritual, and cultural alterations, and achieve this in ways in which advertise democracy, social justice, peace and balance? this can be the most tricky questions dealing with societies on this planet at the present time.

There are colleges of inspiration on easy methods to solution this question. less than the heading of "accommodation", a few have argued for the necessity to realize, institutionalize and empower transformations. there are a selection of constitutional tools to be had to accomplish this target, similar to multinational federalism and administrative decentralization, felony pluralism (e.g. spiritual own law), other kinds of non-territorial minority rights (e.g. minority language and non secular schooling rights), consociationalism, affirmative motion, legislative quotas, and so forth. yet others have countered that such practices may well entrench, perpetuate and exacerbate the very divisions they're designed to control. They suggest a variety of substitute innovations that fall lower than the rubric of "integration" that may blur, go beyond and cross-cut variations. Such techniques comprise debts of rights enshrining common human rights enforced by way of judicial overview, rules of disestablishment (religious and ethnocultural), federalism and electoral structures designed in particular to incorporate individuals of alternative teams in the comparable political unit and to disperse contributors of an identical team throughout various devices, are a few examples.

In this quantity, best students of constitutional legislation, comparative politics and political concept deal with the talk at a conceptual point, in addition to via a number of nation case-studies, via an interdisciplinary lens, yet with a felony and institutional focus.

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Comparative

Download Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century by Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, Aron A. Gottesman PDF

By Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, Aron A. Gottesman

This quantity illuminates and seriously assesses Paul A. Samuelson's voluminous and groundbreaking contributions to the sector of economics. the quantity comprises contributions from eminent students, together with 6 Nobel Laureates, protecting the extreme intensity and breadth of Samuelson's contributions. Samuelson, the 1st American economist to win the Nobel prize in 1970, was once the major voice in economics within the latter half the twentieth century. He single-handedly remodeled the self-discipline by means of making a new approach of proposing economics, making it attainable for it to be forged all in mathematical terms.Samuelson constructed vast frameworks, comparable to the neoclassical synthesis, a combined economic climate, and the surrogate creation functionality, which supplied practitioners with a imaginative and prescient for study. Samuelson's contributions to economics are wealthy, complicated, consequential, and suitable to the normal economics of existence. the standard of Samuelson's output and techniques depart without doubt that his contributions stay well timed and suitable even within the twenty first century. perfect as a reference or an advent to Samuelson's paintings, it is a must-have for college students and teachers alike.

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Comparative

Download Vanishing Growth in Latin America: The Late Twentieth by Andres Solimano PDF

By Andres Solimano

Fiscal development in Latin the USA and the increase of fabric welfare has lagged in the back of that of extra dynamic parts of the area economic climate. In a quarter vulnerable to coverage experiments, the guidelines of the Washington Consensus utilized because the Nineties didn't carry sustained development to such a lot of Latin the USA. Andres Solimano and a powerful set of participants study the final forty years so one can ensure the position of financial reforms, exterior stipulations, issue accumulation, source of revenue inequality, political instability and productiveness in explaining GDP raises. The booklet additionally appears to be like at cycles of development, picking classes of quick progress and contrasting them with sessions of stagnation and cave in. contemporary empirical proof at the global economic system within the later many years of the 20th century exhibits that progress has a tendency to be a risky approach with little correlation through the years and nearly no discernible development. this can be fairly appropriate to Latin the USA - a quarter normally uncovered to exterior shocks - during which the absence of growth-oriented associations, pervasive distributive conflicts and risky politics give a contribution to make sustained development an elusive coverage aim. In separate chapters on sub-regions of Latin the United States comprising nations within the Southern Cone and Brazil, the Andean sector, and critical the US and Mexico, the individuals be certain the most determinants of output progress, highlighting the criteria that may increase progress and people who bog down it. They discover the position of shocks, guidelines, and deeper social and institutional constructions, in addition to the effect of competitiveness, exchange regimes, economic coverage, schooling and political instability on development functionality. This accomplished research might be of curiosity to students of monetary development and improvement and policymakers in Latin the USA looking for clues on easy methods to advertise and preserve development in a comparative point of view. This publication may also be of curiosity to multilateral enterprises and ministries of foreign cooperation and improvement in constructed nations.

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