By K. Fisher, W. E. Newton (auth.), Barry E. Smith, Raymond L. Richards, William E. Newton (eds.)
Biological nitrogen fixation offers greater than 50% of the entire annual enter of the basic aspect nitrogen to international agriculture. therefore, it truly is of vast agronomic value and demanding to nutrients offers, relatively in constructing nations.
This booklet, with chapters authored through the world over well known specialists, presents a entire and unique account of the interesting historical past of the method - together with the unbelievable discoveries of molybdenum-independent nitrogenases and superoxide-dependent nitrogenase; a evaluate of Man's makes an attempt to emulate the organic method - such a lot effectively with the commercially dominant Haber-Bosch procedure; and the present nation of the certainty artwork with admire to the enzymes - referred to as nitrogenases - liable for organic nitrogen fixation.
The preliminary chapters use a historic method of the organic and commercial procedures, through an summary of assay methodologies. the following set of chapters makes a speciality of the classical enzyme, the molybdenum nitrogenase, and info its biosynthesis, constitution, composition, and mechanism of motion in addition to detailing either how variations of its part proteins are built by means of recombinant DNA expertise and the way computational innovations are being utilized. the subtle chemical modelling of the metal-containing clusters within the enzyme is reviewed subsequent, through an outline of the 2 molybdenum-independent nitrogenases - first, the vanadium-containing enzyme after which the iron-only nitrogenase - including a few ideas as to why they exist! Then follows an updated remedy of the essentially "non-classical" homes of the superoxide-dependent nitrogenase, which extra heavily resembles molybdenum-containing hydroxylases and similar enzymes, like nitrate reductase, that it does the opposite nitrogenases. each one bankruptcy includes an in depth record of references.
This publication is the self-contained first quantity of a accomplished seven-volume sequence. No different to be had paintings presents the updated and in-depth insurance of this sequence and this quantity. This publication is meant to function an necessary reference paintings for all scientists operating during this quarter, together with agriculture and the heavily comparable metals-in-biology zone; to aid scholars to go into this not easy quarter of analysis; and to supply technological know-how directors quick access to important correct info.
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Extra info for Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes
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Remy, T. (1902a-c). Über die steigerung des stickstoffsammlungsvermögens der hülsenfrüchte durch bakterielle hilfsmittel Deut. Landw. Presse, 29, 31-32; 37-38; 46-48. , and Wilson, P. W. (1952). Nitrous oxide inhibition of nitrogen fixation by Azotobacter. J. Am. Chem. , 74, 3101-3103. , and Meyer, O. (1997). N2 fixation by Streptomyces thermoautotrophicus involves a molybdenum-dinitrogenase and a manganese-superoxide oxidoreductase that couple N2 reduction to the oxidation of superoxide produced from O2 by a molybdenum-CO dehydrogenase.