Cancer

Download Cancer Prevention: The Causes and Prevention of Cancer by Beverly Rockhill Ph.D., Graham A. Colditz M.D., Dr.P.H. PDF

By Beverly Rockhill Ph.D., Graham A. Colditz M.D., Dr.P.H. (auth.), Dr. P.H. Graham A. Colditz M.D., David Hunter M.B., B.S., Sc.D. (eds.)

This melanoma Prevention booklet sequence goals to counterpoint the study said within the magazine melanoma factors and regulate. Volumes during this sequence will summarize the kingdom of the technological know-how from explanations to prevention of melanoma. The scope might be overseas. The previous twenty years has obvious an explosion of epidemiologic fabric at the factors of melanoma. Examples contain the becoming variety of stories of actual job and colon melanoma that have emerged and the various reports of parts of vitamin resembling alcohol and the danger of particular cancers. significant shifts in source allocation now concentrate on translation of this new wisdom to real melanoma prevention courses. Researchers, training clinicians, and those that write and enforce public well-being coverage want this data summarized in an simply obtainable layout. The abundance of data, expanding realizing of ways to speak danger of melanoma to the general public, and larger public understanding of melanoma, make the arriving years ones within which we are going to see many new makes an attempt at frequent melanoma prevention courses. for instance, the U.S. facilities for illness keep watch over and Prevention introduced a countrywide colon melanoma wisdom crusade in early 1999.

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Extra resources for Cancer Prevention: The Causes and Prevention of Cancer

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18] found no link between physical activity, in late adolescence or in the recent past, and breast cancer risk among younger, premenopausal women. The association of physical activity and postmenopausal breast cancer risk has been equally puzzling; for example, data from the College Alumni Health Study yielded inverse results [19], while the Framingham Heart Study yielded positive results [20]. Methodological issues may have contributed to the inconsistency of findings in the epidemiologic literature.

The relation is quite different among postmenopausal women. Among postmenopausal women, obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Adipose tissue is the primary source of estrogen among postmenopausal women who do not use hormone replacement therapy. Therefore, it is not surprising that the obesity-related increase in risk is restricted to women who do not use hormone replacement therapy [9]. Breast cancer is more common among Obesity 29 post- than premenopausal women, therefore, it is it fair to say obesity promotes more breast cancers than it prevents.

In men, an analogous situation exists. Among highly trained male athletes, basal levels of testosterone are lower than levels seen in sedentary men [12]. Since testosterone is necessary for the development of prostate cancer, physical activity may reduce the incidence of this cancer by decreasing testosterone levels. Finally, physically active people weigh less and carry less body fat [1]. For cancers such as colon cancer and postmenopausal breast cancer, where obesity increases risk, physical activity may prevent the occurrence of these cancers through its favorable influence in helping to maintain normal body weight.

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