By Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering, Stig Förster
The essays in awaiting overall conflict discover the discourse on conflict in Germany and the us among 1871 and 1914. the idea that of "total battle" offers the analytical concentration. The essays display lively discussions of battle in different boards between squaddies, statesmen, women’s teams, and educators on either side of the Atlantic. Predictions of lengthy, cataclysmic wars weren't unusual in those discussions, whereas the involvement of German and American infantrymen in colonial conflict recommended that destiny wrestle wouldn't spare civilians. regardless of those "anticipations of overall war," nearly nobody learned the sensible implications in making plans for conflict within the early 20th century.
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Additional resources for Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871-1914
But was it the prominence of the Prussian military tradition that might have predisposed Bismarck toward the military approach to unification, rather than civil alternatives? 30 Today, there is little disagreement among historians about the fact that the German chief of staff enjoyed a decisive boost in prestige and political influence during these decades. Moreover, the lack of civil control over the military was perpetuated when the German Reich was founded. The Prussian military leadership retained its constitutionally privileged position and remained directly answerable only to the Prussian king and then the German kaiser.
That the two anglophone nations differed on the seriousness of the German threat is evidenced by the fact that in August 1914 Britain went to 5 Richard H. , 1985), 123-4. 6 Reiner Pommerin, Der Kaiser und Amerika: Die USA in der Politik der Reichsleitung 1890-1917 (Cologne, 1986), 179ff. 7 See Paul M. Kennedy, "British and German Reactions to the Rise of American Power," in R. J. Bullen, H. Pogge von Strandmann, and A. B. , Ideas into Politics: Aspects of European History, 1880-1950 (London, 1984), 15-24; and for brief surveys on the literature, see Reiner Pommerin, Der Kaiser und Amerika, 15-22, and Ragnhild Fiebig-von Hase, Lateinamerika als Konfliktherd der deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen, 1890-1903: Vom Beginn der Panamerikapolitik bis zur Venezuelakrise von 1902-1903 (Gottingen, 1986), pt.
The brutalization of the eastern front during World War II accompanied — if it was not caused by — the "profound demodernization" of warfare in this theater. "38 All of these criticisms might be described as internal, insofar as they suggest that the narrative of total war results in the neglect or misrepresentation of significant developments within the chronological bounds that mark out the narrative. Another, more fundamental flaw is external, for it raises questions about these chronological bounds and hence about the integrity of the narrative framework itself.