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Download . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty by Oskar Hippe PDF

By Oskar Hippe

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Originally released as '... und unsere Fahn' ist rot' by way of Junius Verlag GmbH, Hamburg, 1979

Review through Martin Empson wrote:

The lifetime of Oskar Hippe is an engaging one for Marxists and progressive socialists at the present time. As a tender employee in German in the course of global battle One, he grew to become a socialist, changing into eager about anti-war protests as early as 1916. Later he may subscribe to the Spartakist League, the service provider setup via Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, yet no longer being established in Berlin for a lot of the interval, following his conscription within the latter phases of the struggle, he overlooked the various key debates and battles of the early German Revolution. still his eyewitness debts are unique,

On the eve of one could 1916, my brother-in-law informed me that we'd no longer started working the next day to come, because the staff may all be becoming a member of an anti-war demonstration at the Potsdamer Platz. We went there on the distinct time. 10000 staff had amassed within the sq., and Karl Liebknecht spoke to them from the platform of the Potsdam neighborhood station. i don't understand how lengthy Liebknecht were conversing whilst the police arrived. they can now not do whatever firstly; the gang avoided them from getting as much as the platform. a growing number of detachments have been despatched in, together with fixed police who rode into the gang with huge, immense brutality. For a time, the demonstrators publish resistance, and plenty of policemen have been knocked off their horses.

Along together with his unit, Oskar Hippe successfully mutinied and went domestic have been he grew to become centrally thinking about the progressive hobbies in his domestic region of Halle. The ebook describes the dimensions of the revolution and the impression of the deaths of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, in addition to the fast emergence of the counter-revolutionary troops of the Freikorps.

As the Twenties constructed, Hippe turned a big activist within the German Communist occasion (KPD). He was once frequently distinct through the appropriate and the specialists. often blacklisted for exchange union job, the interval turns into ruled by means of the struggles in the Russian agency. Hippe describes the failure of the 1923 circulation whilst revolution used to be possibly at the playing cards, however the green Communist occasion sounded the retreat on orders from Moscow. From then on his narrative turns into more and more formed through the conflict with the Stalinist wing of the KPD.

The post-revolutionary interval is additionally marked through the expansion of the fascist circulation. something that struck me examining the autobiography used to be that violence, or the specter of violence, used to be a regular truth for socialists. The socialists spoke back by means of arming themselves and being ready to struggle again, however it is outstanding that this violence used to be a great deal approximately protecting and maintaining the organization, it's activists and permitting their deliberate task to proceed. This wasn't struggling with for the sake of scuffling with, yet within the pursuits of creating socialist organization. on the finish of the Nineteen Twenties Hippe breaks with the Stalinist KPD, and with many others works to construct a brand new "Trotskyist" celebration. For a few readers this can appear like part of the ebook ruled by means of arguments one of the left, yet Hippe explains that this used to be approximately attempting to hold the progressive culture alive in a interval the place the increase of fascism is a true prospect, yet with a massive and robust German operating type nonetheless unbroken.

With Hitler's victory, Hippe's staff is compelled underground and at last he's imprisoned, serving a long time of brutality and violence. finally he's set free and works at the northern coast of Germany, attempting to make a couple of contacts with staff and discussing politics with captured prisoners of conflict. Hippe and his comrades bravery is exceptional during this interval of adverse, risky underground paintings. this can be no guide for this task, yet you get a feeling of the hazards and problems, in addition to the frustrations. curiously Hippe and his comrades believed that Fascism couldn't be over-thrown by means of German staff, who have been now to susceptible, yet will be over-thrown by means of defeat in a global battle. It used to be a correct, if pessimistic outlook.

Hippe then confronted renewed persecution below the Stalinists. preliminary hopes new mass socialist service provider may be equipped after the top of the battle result in yet another interval of splits, inner arguments and at last underground paintings. Hippe as soon as spent years imprisoned for being a "Trotskyist counter-revolutionary", and needed to watch as others, together with collaborators with the Nazi regime grew to become senior figures within the East Germany state.

At the top of the e-book, Hippe's desire for the innovative over-throw of capitalism stay undiminished. It leads to 1979, notwithstanding Hippe lived lengthy sufficient to determine the autumn of the Berlin Wall. Hippe used to be an activist throughout the Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies, observed the beginning of a brand new move and the emergence of a brand new left. all through he remained unswerving to the principal tenets of Marxism, and the tips of Lenin and Trotsky, believing that the overthrow of capitalism needed to be the act of the full operating class.

For these attracted to the background of the left, in addition to the German Revolution and the foreign Communist circulate it is a interesting ebook, probably marred through what appears like a clunky translation. Hippe's account may be detailed and its worthy searching for this e-book.

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Extra info for . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement

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In her role as self-appointed royal advisor, she continued to call the king's attention to injustice 9. Hellmut Kuhn and Manfred Schlosser, "Bettina von Arnim: Ein Brief," in Preussen, Dein Spree-A then, ed. Hellmut Kuhn (Hamburg, 1981), pp. 98ff. 10. Werner Vordtriede, Bettina von Arnims Armenbuch (Frankfurt am Main, 1981), p. 123. 35 to individuals, to breaches of civil liberties, to restrictions on thought and expression; but the center of her attention - and here she was certainly among the clearest-eyed of her generation -was the evils generated by the new industrialism.

To call Bettina a realist would seem to be a willful denial of the extent to which she was herself a product of the romantic period. The granddaughter of Sophie de la Roche, the friend of Wieland, and herself the author of sentimental novels, she was the sixth of eight gifted and eccentric children of an Italian import dealer who lived in Frankfurt am Main and a German 30 mother whose beauty had attracted the attention of the young Goethe. " Clemens not only guided his sister's reading but introduced her to his friends and acquaintances in the arts, and she soon became spoiled, precocious, and self-centered, given to bizarre language and strange conceits.

We are distinguished by it from other countries. . But there are differences. Degrees. "15 When he touched on this aristocratic form of Borussismusthis tendency to regard Prussianism as a superior form of culture - Fontane was content in his novels to confine himself to the use of caricature. In his letters, however, particularly in those to confidants like Georg Friedlander, he made no bones about his growing contempt for a class that, on the one hand, lived in the inflexible conviction that the country could not survive without them, and, on the other, accepted the tariffs and subventions that a complacent government granted them and opposed every tendency that could be considered progressive or even modern.

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