Urology

Download A History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis by J. Stewart Cameron PDF

By J. Stewart Cameron

This booklet tells the intense tale of the way the functionality of the 1st- and to date nearly the single- human organ was once changed via a laptop, and the ''artificial kidney'' entered scientific and public folk-lore. a pragmatic articial kidney, or dialyser, got here by means of advances in technology via the purchase of recent man made fabrics which made the applying of those principles attainable. but it used to be the commitment and patience of a few gifted pioneers who pressed forward opposed to expert oppostion to be successful, first within the therapy of transitority, recoverable kidney failure, after which everlasting renal shut-down which made it a hit. the plain excessive expense and restricted availability of this way of therapy instantly raised moral questiond which had by no means been puzzled earlier than, centering round fairness of entry to therapy, while and if remedy will be denied, and- worst of all- the agonising determination of whilst, as soon as validated, it may be stopped. Spiralling expenses because the precise variety of individuals with kidney failure turned glaring raised significant political and monetary questions, which have been addressed in several international locations in several methods which mirrored- but additionally helped swap- styles of the way therapy is supplied. In built international locations, the matter can be solved through allocating a disproportionate sum of money to the remedy of fairly few kidney sufferers, yet within the constructing global the price of remedy nonetheless limits its availability, because it does all kinds of smooth overall healthiness care. however, this day nearly 1000000 humans world-wide are maintained alive following terminal kidney failure, thirds of them by means of a number of different types of dialysis and the remaining bearing kidney transplants, regularly positioned after a interval on dialysis. the tale is additionally the sum of the usually heroic lives of those thousands of sufferers, some of whom have this present day been maintained alive and lively for greater than 35 years, and plenty of of whom suffered identified, but additionally unforeseen issues because of their therapy.

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Extra info for A History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis

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Mémoire pour servir à l’histoire naturelle chimique et médicale de l’urine humaine. Mém Insitut 1797; 2: 431 (4 Avril). 11. Fourcroy AF, Vauquelin N. Premier mémoire pour servir à l’histoire naturelle, chimique et médicale, de l’urine humaine contenant quelques faits nouveaux sur son analyse et son altérations spontanée. Ann Chimie 1799; 31: 48–71 (see also: 1799; 32: 150–5). 12. Fourcroy AF, Vauquelin N. Nouvelles expériences sur l’urée. Ann Mus Histoire Naturelle 1808; 11: 226. 13. Ségalas d’Etchepare, Vauquelin N.

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