By Margaret Deanesly
A vintage historical past of the church from the accession of Gregory the nice to the Reformation.
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Are the remnant of an exorcism, which in the eighth century ran: “Forsakest thou the devil? ” and then went on to demand a special renunciation of the various forms of devil-worship, worship of Diana and the classical deities, and Woden and the Germanic gods and goddesses. The monastic clergy in the period included those of the Benedictine and Celtic type, and those clerks in orders who lived in a monastery with their bishop or provost. Augustine of Hippo before them, that the secular clergy ought to live a communal life, like the apostles and early Christians in the Acts of the Apostles.
The exorcist’s peculiar function was still to cast out evil spirits, and particularly the evil spirits of heathenism, by catechising before baptism. The words in the church of England catechism: “Dost thou renounce the devil and all his works, etc.? are the remnant of an exorcism, which in the eighth century ran: “Forsakest thou the devil? ” and then went on to demand a special renunciation of the various forms of devil-worship, worship of Diana and the classical deities, and Woden and the Germanic gods and goddesses.
The fourth for the poor went to the maintenance of at least one “xenodochium” (something between an almshouse, guest-house, and hospital), the payment of regular alms to certain of the poor, (who were enrolled on the matricula of the familia), the maintenance of 32 HISTORY OF THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH “widows,” “deaconesses,” and in some cases, orphan children, and in indiscriminate alms on certain festivals. The fourth for the clergy was divided up into stipends, the Vulgate word for wages, paid three or four times a year to the individual clerks.